UNDP and Global Fund: Why it takes two to Fight HIV
By admin June 28, 2016

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With potential of epidemic expansion of HIV in Afghanistan, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Fund signed a USD $8.7 million grant to scale-up HIV prevention measures and treatment for people most at risk of contracting the virus in Afghanistan.

This Global Fund Afghanistan Program started from April 2015 and is projected to end in December 2017.

HIV rates in Afghanistan currently remain under 0.05 percent, with infections concentrated among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users, sex workers and men who have sex with men. However, there is still potential for the epidemic to expand quickly.

Eight percent of the country’s population aged 15-64 are dependent on drugs, with significant increases in the number of people who use opium and heroin. Thus, injecting drug use is a major driver of HIV infections in Afghanistan, a country that is also the world’s leading producer of opium and heroin. In addition, different sources suggest that men with high-risk sexual behavior may play a larger role in HIV transmission than previously thought.

Right now recruitment of project management and preparation of medical machines are all complete. The new Global Fund grant will be implemented to provide treatment and care for people living with HIV, expand existing prevention services for the general population and focus on groups at higher risk.

The aim of this program is to keep HIV prevalence below 0.1 per cent among the general population, and below five per cent among key populations at high risk. The grant will increase availability and coverage of opioid substitution therapy through services in drop-in centers in communities and prisons. OST, which replaces illegal opiates with prescribed medicines, is an effective method to decrease HIV transmission by reducing risks associated to injection of drugs, and to foster adherence to HIV treatment among people who use drugs, while also improving their quality of life.

This grant will also be key to achieving the national strategic plan for control of HIV and AIDS as well as the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target.

More Information:

UNDP and the Global Fund sign U.S. $8.7m grant to scale up HIV prevention measures in Afghanistan

Global Fund Afghanistan

UNDP’s response to HIV

Afghanistan Advocacy Framework

WHO: Afghanistan HIV Introduction 

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