Humanitarian Situation in Yemen Going Through a Civil War
By admin May 12, 2015


Since March 2015, Yemen has been suffering from a civil war, where two factions assert their legitimacy in constitution of the government. According to Yemen Times, the ongoing civil war has engendered more than 400 deaths and 4,000 wounded people as of May 2nd. The city of Aden has been devastated; more than 100,000 people have been displaced, contagious diseases are extensive, and the shortages of necessary resources including water, electricity, fuel, and food have deepened.

The situation seems to be worsening. The appeal from the International Committee of the Red Cross for ceasefire to deliver humanitarian aids was ignored. One airstrike hit Oxfam’s warehouse that contained humanitarian supplies such as water and sanitation materials. Some people are escaping to Somalia, which is hardly a safer place. Schools have been closed indefinitely and nearly 2 million children are unable to attend classes. As young as 6-year-old boys are being recruited as combatants only to kill or be killed.

While numerous organizations are providing Yemen with humanitarian aid to help people survive the dire conflict, the problems for the longer term remain more disturbing. The closed roads and precarious conditions are aggravating food security, as Yemen mostly relies on imports for food consumption and fuels. Since traders cannot carry out businesses in Yemen, food and fuel prices are skyrocketing as well as halting humanitarian aid delivery due to fuel shortages. Moreover, many development projects that had been progressing are suspended, slowing down development in Yemen.

The most serious threat to long-term growth is inadequate children’s education and their quality of life. At the moment, around 850,000 children are suffering from malnutrition, which has a harmful effect on their health and their capability to study and work in the future. The deprivation of an opportunity to be educated can result in recurrent conflicts; citizens find jobs in a war economy, not in decent fields that require an educated population. Although this is an extreme case, the importance of children’s education itself in a country’s future would be needless to say.

Even before the civil war, Yemen was the poorest country in the Arab world and was experiencing the same problems including food shortages, insufficient education, and malnutrition. The civil war is exacerbating the situation by cutting off long-term development works and limiting international aid to emergency humanitarian aid. Without end of the civil war, the situations cannot be improved.

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