A New Approach to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
By admin October 4, 2016

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The United Nations have called the Millennium Development Goals “the most successful anti-poverty movement in history” as extreme poverty has been cut in half worldwide. In addition, gender equality has made remarkable progress with 90 per cent of countries having more women in parliament since 1995. However, the ability to make peace as a driving factor to alleviate poverty has not been achieved yet. Conflicts around the world such as in Syria, Libya, Iraq and South Sudan, among others, are degenerating the lives of millions of people, making poverty an ordinary threat to everyday life. According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2015, states affected by conflicts have usually higher rates of poverty. One data that corroborates this conclusion is the rate of children not attending school in countries impacted by armed conflict, which increased from 30 per cent in 1996 to 36 per cent in 2012.

In the last few years, national militaries and the global security community have been called upon to find sustainable solutions to conflicts and therefore to install sustainable peace. Analysts and donor countries such as the United Kingdom have often highlighted the links between security and development, considering the strengthening of peace, security and governance one main strategy to tackle instability, insecurity and conflicts. Indeed, the ideas of associating the concept of peace and development with military action have met resistance within the international community. However, most recently the targets of security capacity building and peace have been included in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, precisely within Goal 16, which refers to the promotion of peace through the access to justice, the reduction of trafficking, terrorism and all forms of violence.

Indeed, the implementation of this holistic approach to peace and development has not been implemented solely by military and security organizations but seen in initiatives such as that taken by the United Nations Development Programme in the Joint Rule of Law Programme in Somalia and the UNODC-WCO Container Control Program, respectively aimed at strengthening responsive police forces, countering corruption and terrorism and different forms of black market activity, also proved to be beneficial to development.

Therefore, security and development seem to be inarguably connected, and to that end, many states took also a step forward to a more collaborative approach towards the establishment of a stronger Rule of Law, which would guarantee peace and development. For instance, in 2014 President Barack Obama issued the National Strategy for Combatting Wildlife Trafficking. Another instance is that of USAID, US Department of State and AFRICOM joint collaboration with the Tanzanian Police Force to tackle the trafficking of illegal wildlife and drugs in Tanzania. Among many other examples, AFRICOM has long engaged the private sector and USAID to tackle the threats posed by the undercurrents of globalization.

Therefore, the new opportunities deriving from this approach have to be taken into consideration as means for the Sustainable Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda to address the current and future threats to peace and development.

For More Information:

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

A Peace Agenda On A Military Mission

Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It

Combatting the Undercurrents of Globalization in the Developing World

What have the millennium development goals achieved?






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