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The Migrant Crisis and Development
By admin July 7, 2015

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The aggravating world migrant crisis is a result of continuing conflicts and instability in security throughout Africa, the Middle East and Asia. As a result of frequent conflicts, people are having trouble finding adequate shelter, food and water, and are threatened by violence. The chronic poverty also deepens the migrant crisis, making people crossing the sea despite of the harsh sentiments and regulations against the migrants as well as the high risks of death. The UN says one in every 122 people is displaced by war, violence and persecution, many of which are risking their lives to find a better situation.

In realities, numerous people have died while crossing the border – either from drowning, hunger, pressure, heat, or suppression from the authorities administering border control. Even after safely crossing the border, the migrants are not welcomed in ‘the other’ country and often times have to tolerate the denial of their basic human rights.

An assessment of international aid notes that the aid has failed to mitigate the migrant crisis and has been particularly silent on addressing the migrant issue. The principal reason for lukewarm responses to the migrant crisis is that it is related to the politics of the countries concerning their budgets, job markets, and social security. For example, a search and rescue programme aimed at people crossing the Mediterranean Sea is criticized among European politicians that it will entice more migrants to Europe.

One would hope that the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which will be a new milestone for development targeting the next fifteen years would address the migrant crisis, however, it is said that the migrant issue is mentioned weakly and with vagueness in the proposed SDG meetings. The commitments to “orderly and well manage” migration can evolve into more detailed goals to resolve the migrant issue fundamentally and imperatively.

More resources and commitments from the international development community to diminish the migrant problems are required. Most importantly, the migrants need a sound political, economic and social environment where they can make their own living in a safe home. For instance, the Department for International Development from the United Kingdom (DFID) announced new programs to provide migrants with emergency aid, jobs, and education to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis.

Likewise, reducing the migrant crisis calls for more discussion among the international development community to solve the global problem and determine what holistic approaches can resolve the root causes of the problem as well as support basic human needs beyond political concerns.

 

For more information:

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-programmes-to-strengthen-vulnerable-states-in-africa-and-more-support-for-syria-crisis

http://www.euractiv.com/sections/development-policy/development-aid-failures-exacerbate-migrant-crisis-314162

http://www.odi.org/comment/9488-migration-priority-development-aid-sdgs

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/migration

 


Thanks for sharing !


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