The growth of city and urban development
By admin August 23, 2018

More and more people are attracted to living in cities. Though it means a more financial cost to live in a city, many people still choose to live urban areas. Due to social and economic aspects, the benefits of living in a city far outweigh the costs of living in a city. With innovation in communication and transportation technologies, we expected that we can transfer some of these urban benefits to rural areas. However, unlike our expectations, these technologies accelerate more social interaction of people within a city than the interactions between city dwellers and rural residents.

Currently, New York City has a population of 8.5 million. On the other side of world, Beijing in China has a population of 21.7 million. Although population growth rates might vary by region, their populations are both expected to grow in the future. In fact, it is not just a story about New York City and Beijing. Living in a city is becoming a global trend. According to a report from the United Nations, more than half of total population on earth lives in urban areas. By 2050, the rate would reach 68%.

This is very interesting if we think about the fact that only three percent of the world’s land is covered with urban areas. As a result, urban areas use more electricity and water than all of rural areas combined. Therefore, solving urban development challenges is a key to ensuring a sustainable prosperity of mankind on earth. There is a saying “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” New York City, for instance, was not a pleasant place to live in the 1920s. Gangs were roaming around the city. The crime rate was very high at 5.4 murders per hundred thousand. London was also no haven in the earlier years of urban growth. In 1854, a cholera outbreak killed 616 people due to the germ- contaminated water in London’s water supply. These cities stood strong when confronted with challenges. Now, they have become jewels of their respective nations.

As urbanization continues in developing countries, urban development challenges will come along the way. If well managed, we will see the birth of booming economic and social centers one after another in developing countries. If not, man-made catastrophes will inevitably emerge.

Further reading

Triumph of the City, Edward Glaeser

Cities Cover More of Earth than Realized

68 percent of world population will live in urban areas by 2050

Thanks for sharing !

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