Social Protection and Pro-Poor Investment to Accomplish Zero Hunger by 2030
By admin July 21, 2015




The Millennium Development Goals are coming to a close and the United Nations has now developed the Sustainable Development Goals to continue the work towards producing a worldwide sustainable population. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1 requires ending poverty in all its forms everywhere and SDG2 calls for ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture by 2030. With regard to these goals, the World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) released a report estimating the necessary funds to reach the goals by 2030.

According to the report, to eradicate world hunger in a sustainable basis by 2030, it is estimated that an additional $267 billion per year, which is $160 annually for each person living in extreme poverty, is required. Specifically, an additional $116 billion per year will be needed for social protection and an additional $151 billion per year will be necessary for pro-poor growth in the next 15-year period.

The investment needs to come from the public sector as well as the private sector and go to both urban and rural areas. In rural areas, pro-poor investments can include investments for small-scale irrigation, food processing to diminish post-harvest waste and losses, and institutional arrangements for land and water tenure, credit facilities, and labor legislation. In addition, these investments need to be made so that the marginalized populations, including women and young people can benefit from them.

In urban areas, social protection and pro-poor investments can take place as measures for capacity building to equip the poor and marginalized communities with necessary skills, including entrepreneurship. Ensuring fair labor, credit facilities, housing, and adequate nutrition can be included as well.

The notes accompanying the report states that if we – the global community – adopt a “business as usual” approach, more than 650 million people will be left behind in extreme poverty by 2030. Therefore, the report emphasizes that global communities should learn from each other and share the successful experiences from countries that have succeeded in using a combination of pro-poor investment and social protection to cope with hunger and poverty problems.

As such, the pro-poor investment and social protection must target all of the world’s poor people, whether it is in urban or rural areas, including marginalized groups. Moreover, it needs to ensure that people in need have the necessary tools to improve their resources and capabilities as well as to fight against hunger and poverty.


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